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What is the West Yorkshire Hoard?

What was Found?

Garnet Ring

The West Yorkshire Hoard : Medieval Treasure

The most impressive item that was found was a 10th century ring made from gold with a garnet in the middle. It is diamond shaped with three levels of intricate gold filigree and gold bead decorations. The red gem in the centre is a garnet and the band of the ring is made of twisted gold wire. The gold content of the ring is very high and it is made with such skill and craftsmanship that it must have belonged to someone of very high status, and may even have belonged to a bishop.


Large Filigree Ring

Medieval gold ring with circular face and detailed filigree design.
Large Filigree Ring

The second ring is also from the 10th century and is quite large, with a band that is just over a centimetre wide. It has delicate gold filigree decoration all over but doesn’t have any jewels. It also has a very high gold content and is in excellent condition, looking brand new even though it is over a thousand years old.


Filigree Ring

Medieval gold ring with detailed filigree design or swirls and small gold balls.
Medieval Gold Filigree Ring

The third ring is smaller and thinner than the other two but has similar filigree decoration. The pattern on the ring is not symmetrical, the gold content is not as high and it looks a bit worn, suggesting it was not as high status as the other rings.


Niello Ring

Gold ring with thick band in a rough square shape with a black design on each rounded corner.
9th Century Niello and Gold Ring

The fourth ring is a bit different from all the others. It is from the 9th century and has four decorative panels around the band that have been inlaid with a substance called niello, a black mixture of copper, silver and lead sulphites. This ring is not as delicate as the others, but like them, it may have been worn over gloves


Gold Ingot


Small lump of gold, shaped like the end of a finger
Gold Ingot

The ingot is a small lump of gold that would have been used as currency and would have been very valuable in its own right. 

Cloisonné Brooch

Triangular shaped fragment of gold, showing small cells for the inlay of gems.  The fragment is squashed and mis-shapen.
Fragment of a 7th Century Brooch

Only a fragrment of the brooch survives, but archaeologists have been able to reconstruct how it might have looked based on other Medieval finds and what is known of Anglo-Saxon culture at the time.  At a time when everything would have been done by hand, it would have taken a considerable amount of skill  and time to make such a detailed and high quality item of jewellery.  


Spindle Whorl

Lead spindle whorl in the shape of a flat doughnut
Spindle Whorl from the West Yorkshire Hoard

The spindle whorl is a very unusual find in a hoard since it is a practical item, not a piece of jewellery. It is made of lead and would have been used in the spinning process to weigh down threads and make them spin faster when fibre was being spun into yarn.

The spindle whorl shows us that fabric was being made in the Leeds area in the early medieval period.

However, it’s not clear why this everyday object was buried next to such valuable jewellery.



Cloisonné – a technique using gold wire to create compartments on jewellery that can be filled with gems

Ecclesiastical – things relating to the Christian church

Filigree – delicate ornamental work with thin wire twisted to form intricate designs

Ingot – a block of pure metal that can be turned into a finished product

Niello – a black mixture of copper, silver and lead sulphites that is used to decorate metal objects as an inlay