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Ancient Greek Pottery

Education in Ancient Greece

Greek boys went to school, but girls did not. Girls in wealthier families might have been taught to read but, most stayed at home and learned how to do housework. This was not the same everywhere, though. In Sparta, for example, girls had more freedom and they were taught how to fight.

Boys started school at the age of seven. They were taught how to read, write and learned a lot of poetry by heart. In places such as Athens laws were carved into stone slabs, so citizens had to be able to read to make sure they didn't break the law. (The second photograph here shows a Greek inscription in stone.)


The Greeks had their own 24-letter alphabet. Boys learned to write on pieces of clay and wax tablets, which they could use again and again by smoothing the surface over. The plant Cyperus papyrus was made into paper ( see the picture of Egyptian papyrus, top right) and used in books for children to read from, and for older children to write in. 


Download a copy of the Creative Minds Greek Writing Worksheet.


Young boys also learned how to play a musical instrument, as music was an important part of festivals and celebrations. Greeks were thought to be well-educated if they could play an instrument called a lyre. This is an instrument made from a tortoise shell covered on the hollow side by ox skin. It was a popular instrument to play at evening parties to accompany singers and people reciting poetry.  

Physical Education:

Sport was another key part of Greek life. Most schools had a palaistra, a training ground for physical education, near to the school. Fitness and skill were very important in Greek sports and at the Olympic games athletes enjoyed showing off these qualities. In the palaistra boys were taught different sports, in the hope that some of them would become athletes or soldiers.



Accompany (in music) - play at the same time, supporting

Athlete - skilled sportsman

Citizens - people who live in a city

Festivals - celebrations held at certain times every year

Qualities -features of something

Recite - say from memory

Activity ideas:

  • Write your name using the Greek alphabet: download a Greek Writing Worksheet to help you, (this explains how lots of words we use today have their origins in Ancient Greece). Can you write the names of some Greek  gods and goddesses in Ancient Greek?

  • Look at the photograph of the papyrus in Leeds City Museum. Try to find Greek letters written on the papyrus. How many can you spot? Can you work out what is written there?

Scroll down for a list of related links on this topic and see the teachers' notes page for more discussion and activity ideas.

Papyrus from an Ancient Greek exercise book
An example of Ancient Greek inscription carved into stone