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Mummification Step by Step

Guardians of the Internal Organs

Canopic Jars

The mummy’s internal organs were dried out and stored in canopic jars. These jars were placed in a canopic chest in the burial chamber of the mummy.


There were four canopic jars and each had a different stopper or lid depicting:

  1. Imsety: a person’s head guarded the liver
  2. Qebhesneuf: a falcon watched over the intestines
  3. Hapy: a baboon protected the lungs
  4. Duamutef: a jackal looked after the stomach

Two canopic jar stoppers depicting a human head and a falcon's head

These were the four sons of Horus. Horus was the ancient Egyptian God of the sky and the protecter of the Pharaoh. He was usually depicted as a falcon or a man with a falcon's head.  Play the Canopic Jar interactive powerpoint quiz.