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Mummification Step by Step

Guardians of the Internal Organs

Canopic Jars

The mummy’s internal organs were dried out and stored in canopic jars. These jars were placed in a canopic chest in the burial chamber of the mummy.

 

There were four canopic jars and each had a different stopper or lid depicting:

  1. Imsety, a person’s head guarded the liver
  2. Qebhesneuf, a falcon watched over the intestines
  3. Hapy, a baboon protected the lungs
  4. Duamutef, a jackal looked after the stomach

These were the four sons of Horus. Horus was the ancient Egyptian God of the sky and the protecter of the Pharaoh. He was usually depicted as a falcon or a man with a falcon's head. 




See more images of canopic jars, wooden body parts and treasures of the mummies.

Two canopic jar stoppers depicting a human head and a falcon's head
Canopic jar with lid depicting a baboon's head