Coal Mining and the Victorians

Teachers' notes and linked resources

This resource looks at the lives of children working in coal mines in Victorian England. Extracts from the 1842 Royal Commission into Children’s Employment (Mines) are used to highlight the working conditions faced by children working underground and to provide a source of primary evidence for pupils studying this topic.

On completion of this resource, students can test their knowledge by answering questions in the Victorian Coal Mining Quiz.

Curriculum links:

KS2 History - Local history study

KS3 History - Ideas, political power, industry and empire: Britain, 1745-1901

KS2 PSHE - Children's Rights, Human Rights

The following curriculum areas are linked to specific pages or resources - use the hyperlinks to go directly to the page concerned.


Handling Data: Health,  Statistical Information Worksheet

KS2 English/Literacy

Speaking and listening: Children's Jobs,  Inquest Lesson Plan

Drama: Children's Jobs,  Inquest Lesson Plan

KS2 Numeracy

Handling data: Health

Money Problems: Wages

Learning Objectives:

Knowledge of the type of work children did in Victorian coal mines
Understanding of what it was like for children living at the time and how children's lives have changed
Skills to independently research a topic using archival material 

View other relevant My Learning resources or scroll down for a list of links and resources on this topic.

Document icon Learning article provided by: National Coal Mining Museum for England | 
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