World War Two affected the lives of people at home (sometimes called the Home Front), as well as those away fighting. British cities were the target of enemy bombing and in the early stages of the war, the threat of invasion was very real. For those who remained in their family home, their daily routines at school and home were also set to change.
Children living in cities were at risk from enemy bombing raids, and for this reason, many children were evacuated from cities to rural areas where it was safer. Evacuating thousands of city children was a massive task. Transport and places to stay all had to be arranged. Look at this picture of evacuees waiting to be evacuated in central Nottingham. You can imagine how difficult it was to find new homes for all these children!
Evacuees came to small towns and villages throughout the East Midlands from large cities, such as Sheffield, Nottingham and London. It was a new experience for parents and teachers as well as for the children. Read the extract from the Thurgarton School log book on the right of this page. Can you find the part where the writer records the arrival of evacuees from Southend?
Evacuation could be both exciting and frightening. Each child had a different experience. For some children, being evacuated provided a new and exciting opportunity to enjoy country life. Read this letter, written by a Nottinghamshire evacuee. She had a good experience of being evacuated, but not all children did.
For some evacuees living with a new family meant getting used to new rules and restrictions and sometimes they did not get on well with their host families. Have a look at this letter from a lady who was upset by an evacuee to get an idea of the sorts of problems evacuees and their hosts faced.
Invasion - (in war) when an enemy tries to take over another country
Opportunity - chance to do something
Restrictions - rules stopping people from doing something
School log - like a diary; a record of events at the school