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Rocks at Cliffe Castle Museum

Sedimentary Rocks: examples and uses

Here are some examples of common sedimentary rocks:



Stone made of sand, literally.

Due to its easily worked nature, sandstone has had a huge impact as a building material around the globe. In areas where it is the native rock, e.g. Bradford, West Yorkshire, almost every building is built from it. Cliffe Castle Museum is constructed from sandstone.



Limestone is made primarily from the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate). It is formed from the remains of billions of tiny sea creatures that have been compacted and cemented below the ocean floor.

It is used as a building stone, in the production of lime (an important soil improver for farming), glass making, industrial carbon dioxide and cement. Chalk is a form of limestone.


Shale (mudstone)

Mud, silt and clay are the ingredients of shale, compacted to form a soft, easily broken, usually dark coloured rock.

Shale can be used as a filler in the production of paint, used in brick making and is sometimes used as a road aggregate.

Document icon Learning article provided by: Cliffe Castle Museum and Art Gallery | 

Comment on this page

  • Posted by azell on 12/11/2014

    Hey!!!!!very nice

  • Posted by soledad on 12/10/2014

    this really helped me a lot for examples to use in a school project, Thank you :)

  • Posted by shelbi on 31/03/2014

    thank you

  • Posted by Chloe on 25/03/2014

    Great help! Thank you! :)

  • Posted by Thor on 23/01/2014

    I'm just like the others. It really helped with my homework on Sedimentary, Igneous and Metamorphic rocks.

  • Posted by Alex on 05/11/2013

    This really helped with a school project!!!!!! Thanks

  • Posted by Elizabeth Slater on 03/10/2013

    This really helped with my school project.

  • Posted by Bubble on 21/04/2013

    Really helped with my homework and topic!

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