Rocks at Cliffe Castle Museum

Teachers' notes, activities and linked resources

Curriculum links:

KS3 Geography - Physical Geography - rocks, weathering and soils

KS2 Science - Rocks - compare and group different kinds of rocks; recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter

Aims of resource:

To reveal the different types of rock and how rocks are used in everyday life.   


Learning objectives:

Knowledge that the characteristics of rocks make them suitable for a variety of purposes

Understanding of the fact that rocks can be grouped according to observable characteristics

Skills to observe and compare rocks

Discussion ideas:

  • What examples of each type of rock have you come across in your daily life?
  • Have you ever collected any fossils or types of rock yourself, or seen them in a museum? Describe them.
  • Why do you think rocks are important?
  • Describe what you think the area below the surface of the Earth looks like?
  • What do you think a geologist does?

Comprehension questions:

  • Which rock do you think is the strongest?
  • Which rock is often found on top of buildings?
  • What type of rock is sometimes used in cleaning products?
  • Which rock is used to make both soap and statues?
  • Buildings from Yorkshire are often made of which kind of rock?
  • Which type of rock is at the bottom of the sea?

Activity ideas:

Geology at Cliffe Castle Museum:

Cliffe Castle Museum (Keighley) holds extensive and internationally important geology collections. The education team runs a KS2 workshop ‘Rocks’, enabling schoolchildren to explore these resources.

View other relevant My Learning resources or scroll down for a list of links and resources on this topic.

Document icon Learning article provided by: Cliffe Castle Museum and Art Gallery | 
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