Environmental Campaign: Save Farndale's Daffodil Reserve!
Often when there are ideas for new construction projects, like roads or power stations, people living nearby are unhappy about the effects the projects will have. Sometimes they decide to take action to try and stop the projects going ahead.
Farndale is a valley in the North Yorkshire Moors famed for wild daffodils. In 1967, the Water Resources Board announced plans which would change Farndale forever. It was to be flooded to create a reservoir to provide water to the people of Hull and Sheffield.
The reservoir was to be 2˝ miles long, cover a total of 400 acres and hold 8,000 million gallons of water. It would submerge twenty farm holdings, four farm houses and destroy one third of the 2,000-acre daffodil reserve.
People who lived nearby were unhappy about the plan and decided to take action. The 'Save Farndale' campaign was led by two local men,
John Capron, a retired solicitor from Gillamoor and
Matthew Clark, a farmer of Cropton, and the then MP for Thirsk and Malton,
Robin Turton [later Baron Tranmire].
A creative campaign:
The 'Save Farndale' campaigners used lots of different methods to make people aware of the problem. They:
- Studied the plan and found evidence that there were other, better ways of getting the water to Hull and Sheffield
- Wrote letters to newspapers
- Organised a petition of nearly 11,000 signatures
- Handed out 16,000 ‘Save Farndale’ stickers
- Produced a 'Save Farndale' Christmas card
They also got together with other groups who believed in preserving the countryside, like the Council for the Protection of Rural England, the Youth Hostels’ Association and the Ramblers Association. Together with these groups they formed the 'Farndale Defence Committee'.
Finally, after five years of their hard work, Parliament rejected the bill to create the reservoir. The Farndale scheme was postponed, then formally laid to rest in 1988. Yet, without the efforts of local people, Farndale could have been a very different place.
- Why do you think local people felt so strongly about the reservoir plan?
- What do you think Farndale would have lost if the daffodils had been destroyed?
- Why is it important to look after places of natural beauty?
- Why do you think the campaign worked so well?
Create your own campaign: Think of a local place that is important to you. Imagine that this place could be destroyed because there are plans to build something there. Think about how you would try to stop it:
- What sort of evidence and facts would you look for?
- How would you let people know about the campaign?
- What would you tell people to show them the place is worth saving?
- What groups or individuals would you ask to help you?
- Design a poster or badge for your campaign.
Bill - plan sent to Parliament to change the law
Evidence - facts that help to prove something
Petition - a paper signed by people who want something to change
Postponed -put off until later
Proposed - suggested
Ramblers - people who enjoy walking in the countryside
Rejected - said no to
Reserve - protected area
Reservoir - a lake that people have made
Submerge - completely flooded, covered over with water