Ancient Egyptians: Objects from Daily Life
Ancient Egyptian Tools
Flint is a type of rock which has been used for hundreds of thousands of years by humans to make tools. It is made up of very fine particles, is very strong and when hit with the right kind of stone, produces a sharp edge ideal for cutting.
Flint knife or scraper
This picture shows the different edges of the tool. It is possible that people would use this tool as a scraper by holding the straight edge and using the sharper, curved edge as the blade. Alternatively, it could be that that the knife was mounted in a handle (now lost). This tool would be used in daily life to cut up meat and other foodstuffs and in prepararing animal skins for use as leather. Sometimes flint knives are found mounted in beautiful ivory handles and are thought to be for ceremonial purposes only.
Flint axe head
This axe head is made from flint. It would have been attached to a handle to make using it easier. The right side of the axe head is curved and would have been polished to a very sharp edge and this is the side that would be used to chop the wood. In this photo, you can see the marks where the flint "knapper's" (makers) shaping stone hit the flint to break off a flake and so produce the sharp edge.
The arrow head is the metal part of an arrow at the very tip. It is very small as can be seen in the photograph, but it would have had a long thin, wooden shaft attached to it. The Egyptians would use these arrows to shoot their prey when they went out hunting for food. The size of the arrows can tell us a lot about how they hunted. The arrows would have been very light to carry which meant that they could carry many of these with ease. The Egyptians would hunt in groups and would each shoot the animal with an arrow to kill it. As the arrows are so small, it would need many of these to have an effect.