John Ruskin - Art, Society and Ideology

Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was a group founded in 1848 by British painters, poets and critics John Everett Millais, Dante Gabriel Rossetti and William Holman Hunt.

Once formed, it was the intention of the brotherhood to change art that was being produced. They outwardly rejected the Renaissance 'Masters', (Raphael, Michelangelo), labelling their work as stagnant and and a corruption on present and future art.

They attacked the British Royal Academy of Arts and Sir Joshua Reynolds. His style of painting and teaching was not to their approval. they believed it to be sloppy, bland and broad. Instead they favoured Italian Quattrocento, whose work they saw as complex in detail and showing hard, intense colouration.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been denied a truly revolutionary status due to them accepting both classical, historical painting and the realistic interpretation of nature as well, without unnecessary artistic exaggeration but they are still regarded as a distinct, stand alone group.

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