Ink or Swim

Sailing Vessels

Barque

Sailing vessel with three masts – square rigged on the first and second mast, fore and aft rigged on the back.  The whaling ship, 'Truelove' was a Barque.


Cutter

A single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing vessel with two or more headsails and a mast set somewhat farther aft than that of a sloop. A small, lightly armed boat used by the Coast Guard.


Clipper

A sharp-bowed sailing vessel of the mid-19th century, having tall masts and sharp lines and built for great speed.


Fore and aft rig

Consisting mainly of sails that are set along the line of the keel rather than perpendicular to it. Such sails are described as fore-and-aft rigged.


Keel

A freight barge, especially one for carrying coal on the Tyne River in England.


Schooner

A sailing ship with at least two masts, one at the back and one at the front. A fore-and-aft (fore and after) rigged sailing vessel having at least two masts, with a foremast that is usually smaller than the other masts.


Sloop

A small sailing ship with a single mast [Dutch sloep]. A single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing boat with a short standing bowsprit or none at all and a single headsail set from the forestay.


Smack

A fishing boat sailing under various rigs, according to size, and often having a well used to transport the catch to market.


Trawler

Fishing vessel




 
Document icon Learning article provided by: Hull Maritime Museum | 

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