Civil Defence in WWII


Air Raid Precuations - Air Raid Precautions, sometimes known as ARP, were various procedures that were carried out to make sure that people were as safe as possible during an Air Raid. This included things such as where to take shelter, and the use of gas masks to protect against the possiblity of a gas attack by the enemy.


Blackout - At night time, every window had to be covered up so that no light could be seen from the outside. This was usually done with black black-out blinds. The reason that this was done was so that any enemy planes flying over would not be able to tell that they were flying over a city or town.


Civilians - A civilian is a person who is not in the Armed Forces. This is a term still used today, in peace time as well as in War time.


Conscription - Conscription was a Government scheme to make sure there were enough men in the armed forces. It meant that men aged between 18 and 41 had to sign up to join the armed forces, unless there were health reasons why they couldn't or they were in a job that was vital back at home.


War Effort - This term is often to use to describe the collective effort that people at home and away put into the War. This doesn't just include the armed forces but also people at home, who took on new jobs, or ordinary people who were encouraged to donate scrap metal.

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