After a suitable storyboard has been decided on, each scene needs to be drawn and cut out ready to be animated. The animator will draw any sections that need to move as separate pieces. These pieces will be coloured in and cut out. Even the pupils of the eye might need to animate, so these are drawn and cut out as separate elements.
Different sized characters can be cut out depending on the scale of the shot. When animating cut-outs it's important to tape or stick down the background. This prevents any unwanted movement. Stick down too any part that will not move.
The camera is situated above the cut-outs to view the intended shot, seen here in a storyboard. The animator sticks down any final pieces that remain stationary before animating. The animator then frames up the camera to make sure everything required is in shot before animation commences.
The animator will have planned the shot in advance and written down how many frames or photographs of each movement will be need to complete the shot. The animator moves the cut-out, takes a picture full frame, and then moves the cut-out again before taking another frame. Each frame is ticked off on the exposure sheet until the shot is complete.
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