Altered Books - Workshops and techniques


Collage - coller is French for 'to glue or gum’ . A collage is made up of photographs, news cuttings and other suitable objects that are glued onto a flat surface. It is a technique that was developed by 20th Century artists e.g the Cubists, the Dadaists and the Surrealists. Today it is a widely used technique.

Gesso - a brilliant white, chalky pigment mixed with glue and used to prepare a surface for painting. It has been used since the Middle Ages. Today an acrylic gesso is often used to prepare canvas or board for painting.

Glaze - this is a term used both by painters and potters. In painting a glaze is a transparent layer of paint that is applied over another colour so that the under colour is reflected back. The overall effect is not the same as mixing the two colours of paint together. Glazes give an effect of depth and luminosity. Acrylic paints can be mixed with a glaze to make the paint transparent. Several layers of glazes can be superimposed to give depth and colour.

Montage - French for ‘mounting’. This differs from collage in that images are put together using fragments of other images e.g photos (photo montage). These are mounted onto a surface. Only ready made images are used. It’s a technique used a lot in advertising.

Scumbling - a painting technique in which a layer of opaque colour is brushed lightly over a layer of a previous colour. The bottom layer of colour shows through irregularly. Glazes can be used this way.

You can also download the complete text from Altered Books Workshops and Techniques (including this glossary) as a PDF document - see Downloads link below.

Document icon Learning article provided by: Museums Sheffield: Graves Gallery | 
This content is licensed under Creative Commons BY NC SA

Accessibility Statement | Terms of Use | Site Map

Copyright © My Learning 2018. All Rights Reserved

Website by: Grapple